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"The Sunshine State" is Florida's official state nickname because of the many sunny days in Florida. It was adopted by the 1970 Legislature.  Florida was admitted to the U.S. as a State on March 3, 1845 as the 27th state.

Florida actually means "full (or feast) of flowers" named by explorer Ponce de Leon  because of all the flowers he saw when he landed here in 1513.  Florida's semi-tropical climate allows it to have year-round flowers and lush vegetation.


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 Quick Facts
Florida Seal Florida Flag Florida Quarter
State Abbreviation FL
State Capital Tallahassee  Take the Capital Tour to learn about the history of the Capital.
Largest City Jacksonville
Area (Square Miles) Total Area- 58,560, Land Area- 54,252 , Total Water Area- 4,308
Population 15,982,378 (2000 Census) 4th after California, Texas and New York
Major Industries tourism, agriculture, electronics
Natural Highest Point Lakewood  345 feet above sea level in Walton County
Geographic Center 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
Bordering States Georgia, Alabama
Bordering Bodies of Water Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico
Coastline 1,197 Statute Miles
Beaches 663 Miles
Rivers, Streams & Waterways 11,000 miles
Longest River St. Johns at 273 miles
Largest Lake Lake Okeechobee at 700 square miles (2nd largest in U.S.)
# of Lakes greater than 10 acres Approx. 7,700
# of First Magnitude Springs 27 (more than any other state)
# of Islands Greater than 10 Acres Approx. 4,500
Number of Counties 67 Counties
Largest County Palm Beach at 2,578 square miles
Smallest County Union at 245 square miles
Hurricane Season June 1 - November 30
Annual Summer Temps 80.5(F) North Florida / 82.7(F) South Florida (more climatology)
Annual Winter Temps 53.0(F) North Florida / 68.5(F) South Florida (more climatology)
Form of Government Governor and independent cabinet consisting of Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer, Commissioner of Agriculture.
Legislature 120 House Districts, 40 Senate Districts, 23 Congressional Districts
State Sales Tax 6%
Corporate Tax 5.5%
State Income Tax None
Number of major Commercial Airports 20
Number of International Airports 12
Number of Deepwater Ports 14 with Offering Cargo and Cruise Ships
Number of golf courses 1,250 + (more than any other state)
Education 67 School Districts, one for each Florida County
Points of Interest Walt Disney World, EPCOT Center, NASA Kennedy Space Center, Everglades National Park, Busch Gardens, Key West, Sea World, Ormond-Daytona Beach, Universal Studios Florida


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