Florida Politics

Florida is known for its dynamic and influential political landscape. Florida is often considered a crucial swing state in national elections due to its history of closely contested races. The state’s diverse demographics and large population make it a key battleground for presidential candidates.

Brief Political History and Data in Florida

The Florida Elections Commission was established in 1973.  Like most states in the United States, Florida operates under a two-party system dominated by the Democratic and Republican parties. These two parties have the most significant influence in state and national elections.

Since 2005, all primary and general elections are determined by plurality rather than majority. The state is dominated by Republicans on the state level, as Democrats have not held the governorship or either house of the legislature since 1999. Republicans currently have veto-proof majorities in both houses of the Florida legislature and in 2018, Republicans captured both Senate seats in the state.

Political Parties

Republicans in Florida: The Republican Party has a strong presence in Florida. Republican candidates have historically performed well in statewide elections, holding key positions such as the governorship and a majority of seats in the Florida Legislature. Republicans tend to find support among conservative-leaning voters, including those who prioritize issues such as limited government, lower taxes, and a focus on law and order. With Florida attracting retirees from Northern conservative states, more of the older population creates a more conservative vote.

Democrats in Florida: The Democratic Party has a significant presence in Florida, particularly in urban areas and among minority communities. Democrats generally find support among more liberal-leaning voters who prioritize issues such as healthcare access, social justice, and environmental protection.

Other Political Parties: While the Democratic and Republican parties dominate Florida’s political landscape, there are also other political parties active in the state, although with limited influence. These include the Libertarian Party, Green Party, and various independent candidates.

Elections in Florida

Elections in Florida are an important part of the democratic process, allowing residents to choose their representatives at the local, state, and national levels. Elections in Florida determine the winners for various offices, including the Governor, state senators and representatives, U.S. Senators and Representatives, judges, county commissioners, and other local government positions. Florida also plays a significant role in the presidential elections due to its sizable electoral votes.

Florida holds various types of elections, including primary elections, general elections, and special elections. Primary elections determine the candidates who will represent each political party in the general election. Florida voters can only vote in the primary election of the political party they are registered with. This means that anyone who registers without choosing Republican or Democratic party, typically cannot vote in the primary elections. General elections determine the winners for each office, including local, state, and federal positions.

The Governor of Florida, Lieutenant Governor, and the members of the Florida Cabinet, and members of the Florida Senate are elected every four years. Members of the Florida House of Representatives are elected every two years.


To participate in elections in Florida, residents must register to vote. Florida allows online voter registration, as well as registration by mail or in person. The deadline to register to vote is typically several weeks before an election. If you intend to vote in the primary elections, it is important to choose a political party rather than be unaffiliated.

Florida offers multiple methods for casting votes. In-person voting on Election Day occurs at designated polling places across the state. Early voting is also available, allowing voters to cast their ballots in person at designated early voting locations in the weeks leading up to the election. Additionally, absentee or mail-in voting is an option for eligible voters who request a mail-in ballot. Despite all of this, Florida is still considered one of the more difficult states to vote in. Voter turnout in Florida can vary depending on the election and the specific issues or candidates at stake.

Florida utilizes a variety of voting systems, including optical scan paper ballots, touchscreen voting machines, and ballot marking devices for voters with disabilities. The state has implemented security measures to protect the integrity of the voting process.

Florida’s electoral districts are determined through a process called redistricting, which occurs every ten years following the U.S. Census. The Florida Legislature is responsible for redrawing the district boundaries for congressional, state legislative, and local government seats.

Key Political Issues in Florida

Florida’s political landscape is shaped by a range of issues that are important to its residents. These include healthcare access, education funding, the economy, immigration, gun control, environmental conservation, gambling, voter registration and tourism.

Gambling and Lottery: The Florida Lottery was approved in 1984. Slot machines in Broward and Miami- Dade County were approved in 2004. Casinos (outside of sovereign Seminole and Miccosukee tribal areas) have been disapproved three times: 1978, 1986, and 1994.

Voter Registration: Florida has a significant number of registered voters, and voter turnout can play a crucial role in election outcomes. The state has implemented policies to make voter registration and participation more accessible, such as online voter registration and early voting.

Florida’s demographics have been evolving, with an increasing number of younger and minority voters. This demographic shift has the potential to impact the state’s political landscape and the issues that resonate with its residents.