A group of about 100 Seminoles and runaway slaves from Georgia were this city’s first settlers. The town's layout was influenced by the layouts of slave quarters, Seminole villages, and African villages, often constructed from daub, thatch, and lumber. In 1823, while informing the Seminoles about a meeting at Moultrie Creek, Horatio S. Dexter, an envoy sent by Florida territorial governor, discovered that they were growing rice, peanuts, and corn. This caused a battle that resulted in the original settlers losing their land. The city was once the “Green Bean Capital of the World” and is still known for the fertility of the soil.