Property Law in Florida

Property Law in Florida includes the legal principles and regulations that govern the ownership, use, and transfer of real property (land and buildings) and personal property (tangible and intangible assets).

Property Ownership

In Florida, property ownership can be held in several ways, including sole ownership, joint tenancy, tenancy in common, and through entities such as corporations or trusts. The rights and responsibilities of property owners are protected by both state and federal laws.

Real Estate Transactions

Buying, selling, and transferring real estate in Florida involves various legal considerations. This includes drafting and negotiating purchase agreements, conducting title searches and examinations, handling closing procedures, and ensuring compliance with disclosure requirements and zoning regulations.


Deeds are legal documents that transfer ownership of real property from one party to another. In Florida, common types of deeds include warranty deeds, quitclaim deeds, and special warranty deeds. Each type of deed carries different warranties and offers different levels of protection to the buyer.

Easements and Restrictive Covenants

Easements are legal rights that allow someone to use another person’s property for a specific purpose, such as accessing a neighboring property or maintaining utility lines. Restrictive covenants are limitations placed on the use of real property, often imposed by homeowners’ associations or through recorded deed restrictions.

Adverse Possession

Florida, like other states, recognizes the legal concept of adverse possession. This allows a person to acquire ownership of someone else’s property if certain conditions are met, such as continuous and exclusive possession of the property for a specified period, typically seven years.

Homestead Exemption

Florida’s homestead exemption provides certain legal protections and tax benefits to homeowners who use their property as their primary residence. The exemption can provide protection against creditors, reduce property taxes, and offer additional benefits in the event of a homeowner’s death.

Condominiums and Homeowners’ Associations

Florida has a significant number of condominiums and communities governed by homeowners’ associations (HOAs). Property owners in these communities are subject to specific rules, regulations, and assessments enforced by the associations, which are governed by state statutes.

Landlord-Tenant Law

Property law in Florida includes regulations governing the rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants in rental properties. This includes requirements for security deposits, eviction procedures, habitability standards, lease agreements, and tenant rights.

Zoning and Land Use Regulations

Florida has zoning and land use regulations that dictate how land can be used and developed. These regulations help determine the types of activities permitted in different areas, such as residential, commercial, industrial, or agricultural zones.

Condemnation and Eminent Domain

Florida law allows government entities to acquire private property for public use through the power of eminent domain. Property owners are entitled to just compensation for the taking of their property.


Property law in Florida