Florida Trees

Florida is a tree lovers paradise! With diverse ecosystems and a subtropical climate, Florida is home to some of the most beautiful trees in the world. From towering hardwoods to numerous palm varieties, the sunshine state boasts an impressive collection of native and non-native tree species.

Palm Trees

Palms are synonymous with the tropical aesthetic of Florida. While the official state tree is the Sabal Palm, it is the Royal Palm that lines the streets and gets the attention. Palm Trees are a true symbol of Florida and are seen all around the state. They are the symbol used most frequently in Florida logos and designs.

Sabal Palm (Sabal palmetto)

The Sabal Palm, also known as the Cabbage Palm, is the state tree of Florida. It features a tall, slender trunk topped with a crown of fan-shaped leaves. Sabal Palms are prevalent throughout the state, particularly in wetland areas.

Florida Royal Palm (Roystonea elata)

Florida Royal Palm, also known as Cuban Royal Palm, is a majestic palm tree with a tall, slender trunk and a crown of feathery fronds. It is often seen in landscapes, parks, and streetscapes in southern Florida.

Pindo Palm (Butia capitata)

Pindo Palm is a small to medium-sized palm tree that produces edible fruits. It has feathery leaves and a stout trunk. Pindo Palms are popular ornamental trees in Florida’s landscapes.

Canary Island Date Palm, Coconut Palm,  and Saw Palmetto


Popular Florida Shade Trees

Live Oak (Quercus virginiana)

Live Oak is an iconic tree in Florida, known for its sprawling branches and evergreen foliage. It is a long-lived, massive tree that provides shade and habitat for numerous species. Live Oaks are commonly found in parks, urban areas, and along coastal regions.

Laurel Oak (Quercus laurifolia)

Laurel Oak is a large, fast-growing tree with shiny, leathery leaves. It thrives in moist areas and is commonly planted for shade in parks and urban areas.

Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica)

Black Gum, also known as Tupelo, is a medium-sized tree with vibrant fall foliage. It thrives in wetland habitats and provides valuable habitat for birds and wildlife.

Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Bald Cypress is a deciduous conifer that grows in wetland habitats, such as swamps and marshes. It has distinctive buttressed trunks and “knees” that protrude from the ground. Bald Cypress trees provide essential habitat for wildlife and are valued for their resilience.

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

Red Maple is a deciduous tree that displays stunning red foliage in the fall. It grows well in various habitats, including wetlands and uplands, and is a valuable species for wildlife and erosion control.

Gumbo Limbo (Bursera simaruba)

Gumbo Limbo, also called the Tourist Tree, is known for its peeling, copper-colored bark. It has a unique appearance and is found in coastal areas, hammocks, and disturbed sites.

Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata)

Sugarberry is a deciduous tree that grows in floodplain forests and along rivers. It has rough bark and produces small, sweet fruit that is attractive to wildlife.

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Southern Magnolia is an evergreen tree with large, fragrant white flowers and glossy leaves. It is prized for its ornamental value and is commonly planted in gardens and landscapes throughout Florida.


Florida has extensive coastal areas where mangrove forests thrive. These salt-tolerant trees provide essential habitat for many marine species and help stabilize coastlines. Red Mangroves, Black Mangroves, and White Mangroves are commonly found along Florida’s shorelines.


Evergreen Trees

Southern Red Cedar (Juniperus silicicola)

Southern Red Cedar is a small evergreen tree that grows in dry, sandy soils. It has a distinctive shape and provides habitat and food for birds.

Dahoon Holly (Ilex cassine)

Dahoon Holly is an evergreen tree with glossy leaves and bright red berries. It is found in wetland areas and is an important food source for birds.


Pine Trees

Pine forests are prevalent throughout Florida. Species such as Slash Pine, Longleaf Pine, Loblolly Pine, and Sand Pine are well adapted to the state’s sandy soils. These trees provide timber, wildlife habitat, and recreational opportunities.

Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii)

Slash Pine is a native pine species that dominates many forests in Florida. It has long needles and produces large cones. Slash Pines are commercially important for timber production and provide habitat for various wildlife species.

Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris)

Longleaf Pine is a native pine species that once dominated the southeastern U.S., including Florida. It is a fire-adapted tree and is valued for its ecological significance and timber.



About the author


Florida Gaia is a column by Tiger Tarell, the creator of The Balance of Gaia. His love of nature, trees and the earth is what inspired the game. His research and commitment to sharing the love is what inspires this column!
View on Instagram  |  Visit Website